Find The Causes Of Osteoporosis
And Resist Weak Bones
What are the causes of osteoporosis? This is a question that plagues a lot of people, unfortunately, the question doesn’t come sooner enough until signs and symptoms of osteoporosis begin to rear their heads.
Statistics show that about fifty percent of women over the age of 50 end up with either a fractured hip, a broken wrist or a crushed spinal column. Whatever the case of the broken bones may be, the answer lies in the bone thinning disease of osteoporosis. Before we delve into the causes of osteoporosis, we must first understand what this bone disease really is.
Our bones are active and living tissues which are in constant renewal. The bones are always engaged in the process of breaking down and building up, a process called remodeling, and the particular cells responsible for breaking down old bones and building new ones are known as osteoclasts and osteoblasts.
Science has shown that with the right exercises and nutrition, the skeleton can be remodeled into strong and healthy bones that prevents and even reverses osteoporosis. Armed with this vital information, let us begin to delve into the causes of osteoporosis.
What Causes Osteoporosis
Natural bone decline starts after age thirty so if you have not accumulated sufficient bone mass during your childhood and early adult years, you become more susceptible to osteoporosis. Some bone loss is normal but when the process is accelerated, the bones become thin and brittle and can lead to osteoporosis.
Malfunction of the osteoblast cells is one key reason for osteoporosis. The bone cells called osteoblast are responsible for forming new bones but if the osteoclasts cells begin to break down bone faster than osteoblasts can replace them, the bones become less dense and more vulnerable to easy fractures.
A dysfunctional immune system can also lead to osteoporosis. The immune cells known as cytokines can initiate an inflammatory response that often leads to bone breakdown.
Hormonal imbalance is one of the causes of osteoporosis. Hormone balance plays a vital role in bone density. Most critical time for women is when they enter the premenopausal stage when estrogen levels drop. The falling of the male hormones known as androgens is also a key contributing factor.
Smoking cigarettes greatly increases the risk of severe osteoporosis. Women who smoke have lower levels of estrogen at all ages and most likely will enter into menopause five years earlier than non-smoking women. Another disadvantage of smoking is that studies have also found that nicotine interferes with the ability of the body to use calcium efficiently, thereby contributing to calcium deficiency.
Oophorectomy or removal of the ovaries by surgery causes an abrupt withdrawal of estrogen, a female hormone which plays a vital role in bone density. Production of estrogen is designed by nature to go into gradual decline as a woman enters menopause and so the abrupt withdrawal causes women to experience more severe osteoporosis symptoms.
Menstrual irregularities may also put highly trained teenage athletes and ballet dancers at increased risk for developing early severe osteoporosis. The high level of athletic training required to perform these activities often means shedding a lot of fat that is needed by adolescent girls to produce and store estrogen.
Anorectic girls who also starve themselves to shed normal subcutaneous layer of fat are at high risk of developing osteoporosis when they grow older.
Nutritional deficiencies of vitamins and mineral can also contribute greatly development of osteoporosis. Many vitamins and mineral are required for healthy bones. The obvious one is calcium but others such as magnesium, vitamin D, silicon, boron, strontium, vitamin K and vitamin C all play a crucial role in bone metabolism.
High homocysteine levels in the blood have also been identified as one of the causes of osteoporosis. Homocysteine is an amino acid needed by the body to function properly. However, when the level of amino acid is too high in your blood, your body suffers from a host of ailments such as thickening and hardening of the arteries, DNA mutations, build-up of fibrous webs in the brain which can lead to Alzheimer’s disease, and leave your body unable to absorb calcium, causing weak bones that can lead to osteoporosis.
Other causes of osteoporosis are inactivity, long term use of certain medications, lack of sun exposure, toxic metals in the body and prolonged stress.
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